The first coordinate (X1 Y1 Z1) through a gap
The second coordinate (X2 Y2 Z2) through a gap
The third coordinate (X3 Y3 Z3) through a gap
Plane equation
Equation

Consider the problem of constructing a plane equation from points in space. This article is just the tip of the iceberg for calculating second-order surfaces in space. The same methodology is used as in the material. Calculation of a second-order curve on a plane

 

 

The equation of a plane in space has the form

 Ax + By + Cz + D = 0

 It is easy to see that since there are three variables here, we uniquely determine all values ​​of the plane by three points.

There are at least two ways to find the plane equation

1. We solve a  vector product of the  form

\ begin {pmatrix} i & j & k & l \\ x_0 & y_0 & z_0 & 1 \\ x_1 & y_1 & z_1 & 1 \\ x_2 & y_2 & z_2 & 1 \ end {pmatrix} = 0

2. The solution of the matrix equation

 \ begin {pmatrix} x-x_0 & x_1-x_0 & x_2-x_0 \\ y-y_0 & y_1-y_0 & y_2-y_0 \\ z-z_0 & z_1-z_0 & z_2-z_0 \ end {pmatrix} = 0

And in both cases, the same answer is obtained, but the first option is more beautiful and visual like everything else in mathematics.

Check how it works 

Let us be given three points with coordinates 0 (1: -2: 0) P 1 (2: 0: -1) and P 2 (0: -1: 2)

Substituting the values ​​in the equation we get.

\ begin {pmatrix} x-1 & 1 & -1 \\ y + 2 & 2 & 1 \\ z & -1 & 2 \ end {pmatrix} = 0

 Solving the equation, we get this result

 5x-y + 3z-7 = 0

 In the case of a vector product, we need to solve the matrix

\ begin {pmatrix} i & j & k & l \\ x_0 & y_0 & z_0 & 1 \\ x_1 & y_1 & z_1 & 1 \\ x_2 & y_2 & z_2 & 1 \ end {pmatrix} = 0

and we get 

The equation

That is, the same coefficients as in the first case

 I would like to notice only one, three points that you will enter should not be on one straight line, since in this case, the equation of the plane cannot be calculated due to the ambiguity of its position in space. 

Good luck!

 

 
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