Value including complex

Full elliptic integral of 1 sort
Full elliptic integral of 1 sort
Full elliptic integral 2 sorts
Full elliptic integral 2 sorts

Elliptic integrals first appeared in the problem of determining the perimeter of an arbitrary ellipse .

In the general case, the integral is called elliptic

\ int R (x, y) dx

where is a rational function of \(x\) and \(y\) , and  \(y ^ 2\) - polynomial of the third or fourth degree fromxx

Transformations are known that allow expressing any elliptic integral in terms of the integral of a rational function xx and the following three canonical integrals.

Elliptic integral of the first kind

F (\ varphi, k) = \ int_ {0} ^ {\ varphi} \ frac {dx} {sqrt {1-k ^ 2sin ^ 2 (t)}}

Elliptic integral of the second kind

E (\ varphi, k) = \ int_ {0} ^ {\ varphi} \ sqrt {1-k ^ 2sin ^ 2 (t)} dt

Elliptic integral of the third kind

 \ Pi (c; \ varphi, k) = \ int \ limits_ {0} ^ {\ varphi} \! \ Frac {d \ varphi} {(1 + c \ sin ^ 2 \ varphi) \ sqrt {1-k ^ 2 \ sin ^ 2 \ varphi}}

Here

\(\varphi \) - amplitude

 \(k \) - module

 \(n \) is the parameter of the elliptic integral (of the third kind)

Integrals for which the amplitude \(\varphi = \frac {\phi} {2} \) are called complete. For integrals of the first and second kind, the notation is used, respectively.

K (k) = F (\ frac {\ pi} {2}, k)

E (k) = E (\ frac {\ pi} {2}, k)

An additional module is used, which is equal by definition

k_1 = \ sqrt {1-k ^ 2}

In tables of elliptic integrals, it is customary to express the amplitude in degrees. In addition, often quantities    F, E, K, Ethe F ,,the K ,E are considered as functions of the modular angle - the angle replacing the modulus and expressed in degrees:

\ alpha = \ frac {180} {\ pi} asin (k)

In this way

k = sin (\ alpha)

k = sin (\ alpha)

When calculating   \(K (k)\)  one of the most effective is the iterative method ofarithmetic-geometric mean (AGS). Starting from a couple  \( a_0 = 1\) ; \(b_0 = k_1 = cos (\alpha)\) are the following arithmetic mean and geometric mean, which form two converging sequences:

a_1 = \ frac {a_0 + b_0} {2}, b_1 = \ sqrt {a_0b_0}

a_2 = \ frac {a_1 + b_1} {2}, b_2 = \ sqrt {a_1b_1}

a_n = \ frac {a_ {n-1} + b_ {n-1}} {2}, b_n = \ sqrt {a_ {n-1} b_ {n-1}}

The process ends with this  nn   for which  aa and  bb   match. Sought value  KK is determined by the formula

K (k) = \ frac {\ pi} {2a_n}

There is an even simpler formula, with kk    tending to unity.

K (k) = ln (\ frac {4} {k_1})

The calculation of the full elliptic integral of the second kind is carried out according to the same scheme as in the case of the integral of the first kind, using differences

 

\(c_n = \frac {a_n-b_n} {2}, n = 1,2,3 .....\)

obtained at each iteration. Then 

E (k) = (1- \ frac {1} {2} \ sum_ {n = 0} ^ N2 ^ nc_n ​​^ 2) K (k)

Where \(c_0 = k\)

Bot, calculates the values ​​of the full elliptic integral of the first and second kind, for any values kk

With this bot, we can easily determine the  perimeter of an ellipse , as well as the length of the arc of any  second-order curve .

Some examples

If \(x = i\)

Complete elliptic integral of the first kind
Complete elliptic integral of the first kind
Complete elliptic integral of the 2nd kind
Complete elliptic integral of the 2nd kind

I would like to note that if you check according to the data provided by the site www.wolframalpha.com it turns out that it has different values. This is due to the fact that on that site, the argument is first squared, that is, there the values ​​are shown for the value \(i ^ 2 = - 1\)

 

Complete elliptic integral of the first kind
Complete elliptic integral of the first kind
Complete elliptic integral of the 2nd kind
Complete elliptic integral of the 2nd kind

and one more

 

Complete elliptic integral of the first kind
Complete elliptic integral of the first kind
Complete elliptic integral of the 2nd kind
Complete elliptic integral of the 2nd kind

If you somewhere found an error in the calculations, please kindly report it. Thank!!!

Good luck!

 
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